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It's National Safety Month

Creating a Job Activity Hazard Analysis (JHA) involves systematically identifying potential hazards associated with specific job activities and determining preventive measures to mitigate those hazards. Here’s a step-by-step guide to create a JHA:


Step 1: Select the Job Activity

  • Choose the job activity or task that you want to analyze. It's essential to focus on tasks that have a high potential for injury or accidents.


Step 2: Break Down the Activity into Steps

  • Divide the job activity into a series of smaller steps. Each step should be detailed enough to identify potential hazards but not so granular that it becomes overwhelming.


Step 3: Identify Potential Hazards

  • For each step, identify any potential hazards. Consider physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, and environmental hazards. Ask questions like:

    • What can go wrong?

    • What are the consequences?

    • How could it happen?

    • What are other contributing factors?

    • How likely is it that the hazard will occur?


Step 4: Determine Preventive Measures

  • For each identified hazard, determine the appropriate preventive measures or controls. These can include:

    • Engineering controls (e.g., equipment modifications, guards, ventilation systems)

    • Administrative controls (e.g., training, procedures, signage)

    • Personal protective equipment (PPE)

    • Safe work practices


Step 5: Implement and Communicate the JHA

  • Share the JHA with all employees involved in the job activity. Ensure they understand the steps, hazards, and preventive measures. Training may be necessary to ensure compliance and understanding.


Step 6: Review and Update the JHA

  • Regularly review and update the JHA to account for any changes in the job activity, new hazards, or improved control measures. Encourage feedback from employees to identify any overlooked hazards or ineffective controls.





By following these steps and utilizing a structured template, you can create an effective Job Activity Hazard Analysis that helps ensure the safety of your employees.

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